The University of Arizona's Institute of the Environment
is launching a new center that will connect and build on climate change adaptation projects, resources and expertise across campus. The center will work to provide solutions for some of the toughest challenges related to planning for and acting on climate change and weather extremes, such as drought, heat waves, floods, fires and severe storms.
"CCASS will focus on generating new, use-inspired adaptation information and on ensuring that the latest scientific information is accessible and useful to a range of decision makers," said Katharine Jacobs
, director of the new center and a professor in the Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science
at the UA College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
. "There is a lot of scientific and technical capacity at the University of Arizona; this center will help connect that capacity to maximize economic and environmental opportunities and manage risk across the Southwest, the United States and internationally."
The center will address local, regional, national and global adaptation issues, leveraging the UA’s decades of research and outreach related to living within the constraints of arid and drought-prone environments and understanding how human societies have adapted to climate stresses in different regions of the world.
It will bring together faculty from different fields to connect research to real-world issues faced by land-use planners; forest, wildfire, and water managers; public agencies; businesses; utilities; farmers, non-government bodies; and private citizens.
"Although the traditional view of adaptation is of gradual and well-managed responses to trends over time, the reality is that extreme events and step changes – sudden changes in the climate and environmental conditions – are the real challenges for society," Jacobs said. "This area has been insufficiently addressed throughout the world, even in the face of extreme weather and sea-level rise that has already caused whole communities to uproot and move. One focus for the center will be preparedness for extreme events and rapid changes in environmental conditions."
Nationally recognized climate expert to lead new center
Jacobs is a nationally recognized water, climate and adaptation expert who recently returned to the UA from Washington, D.C., where she spent the past four years as assistant director in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the White House. There she was the lead advisor on climate adaptation and water issues and director of the Third National Climate Assessment, or NCA, which is expected to be published this spring.
The NCA is a federally mandated status report on the latest climate change science and projections, with assessments of climate impacts for regions and sectors across the U.S. It is designed to help communities around the nation create a more sustainable and environmentally sound plan for the future. President Barack Obama’s senior science adviser, John Holdren, recently noted that this NCA report is "the most comprehensive and scientifically rigorous assessment of climate change impacts in the United States ever generated."
Before her appointment in Washington, Jacobs was a faculty member in SWES and director of the Arizona Water Institute. Prior to that she worked at the Arizona Department of Water Resources for 23 years, including 14 years as the director of the Tucson office.
"We are very fortunate to have Kathy Jacobs return to lead CCASS with her distinguished record as a decision maker, researcher and policy adviser at state and federal levels," said Diana Liverman
, co-director of the Institute of the Environment and Regents’ Professor of Geography and Development. "It is exciting to have her considerable energy, expertise and contacts to consolidate the UA’s growing reputation as a top center for climate adaptation research and outreach."
Center to launch with two events
The two kickoff events
planned for Friday include a panel discussion on "Living in Our Future Climate: Adapting to Climate Change" at 12 p.m. in the Student Union Memorial Center's Kiva Room, and a public lecture by Mark Howden, an international expert on climate adaptation from Australia and the adaptation center’s first Distinguished Visiting Fellow, at 3:30 p.m. in the Center for Creative Photography.
In the panel discussion, four speakers will briefly discuss different facets of climate adaptation: Liverman will speak about the UA’s role in adaptation research and policy; Jacobs will introduce the new center and its role in supporting decisions in a national and international context; Howden, chief research scientist with CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences in Canberra, Australia, will talk about the center in the context of his own adaptation experience in Australia; and Jeff Silvertooth, associate dean of UA Cooperative Extension, will discuss the expanding role of Extension at the UA in adaptation.
During his public talk, "Climate Adaptation in Australia: Successes, Failures and Some Lessons Learned," Howden will focus on private and public sector roles in managing the risks of a variable and changing climate. Australia has developed innovative climate adaptation approaches, having experienced wild fluctuations in climate conditions over the last two decades.