'Tis the Season for Bites From ‘Invisible’ Snakes, Experts Warn

Baby rattlesnakes, born in July and August, don't have an immediate rattle, so they make no warning sounds before striking. Anyone who suspects a bite can call 1-800-222-1222 for help.
July 13, 2012
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About the Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

The Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center at the UA College of Pharmacy provides free and confidential poison control and medication information to the public and health-care professionals. The hotline operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week. One of 57 centers that make up the American Association of Poison Control Centers, the Tucson center serves all of Arizona except Maricopa County. Call 1-800-222-1222 from any location to reach the poison center nearest you.

Baby rattlesnakes are born in July and August and are active.
Baby rattlesnakes are born in July and August and are active.

Experts on venomous creatures at the Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center advise gardeners, hikers, youngsters and other citizens to be especially cautious about rattlesnakes in the weeks ahead.

Whether human desert dwellers are ready or not, soon Arizona’s rattlesnakes will welcome offspring. Baby rattlers are born in July and August and are active. The baby snakes have no rattle until they first shed their skins, so they make no warning sound before striking.

The babies range in length from 6 to 12 inches, and have enough venom to be very dangerous. Brush and grass may camouflage the small snakes so well that they are "invisible" to people.

The Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center in Tucson, part of the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy, serves all parts of the state except Maricopa County. The specialists answering the phones receive calls from Arizonans of all ages who have suffered rattlesnake bites without realizing they had encountered a reptile.

“People may not figure out what has happened until we go over the symptoms they are having,” said Keith Boesen, director of the poison center. “The parents of one of our youngest patients first thought their daughter had been stung by a scorpion. No one saw the snake.”

So far this summer, two snakebites reported to the center have been confirmed as bites from baby snakes. Adult rattlers don’t always give an audible warning before or while they are biting either, so the risk of unidentified snakebite exists year-round.

The poison center urges anyone who feels a mysterious "sting," "pinch" or "bite" while outdoors, especially on an arm or a leg, to immediately call the center at 1-800-222-1222. Calling is a good idea for those who feel no pain but notice an unidentified small cut or wound, too.

“We will ask a few questions that will help you either identify possible snakebite or eliminate it,” Boesen said. “With snakebite, the sooner the medical treatment, the better the outcome, so calling us right away can make a very big difference for the victims and the medical teams treating them.”